Good shade, bad shade

Streets fundamentally shape our experience of a city, so how do we make them as comfortable as possible? Measuring climatic forces like temperature and humidity is a good starting point, but shade, wind, and other features also affect our experience of a street. To understand human comfort, we built a tool that combines these factors into a single measurement: the number of hours it's comfortable to be outside in a given location.

With this approach, we're able to create urban design proposals that differentiate between when shade is helpful and when it becomes problematic. It's enabling us to design streets where people will be more comfortable, more of the time.